Sprinkle systems and water mist systems are widely used in industrial processes such as storage rooms, processing plants and warehouses. The function of this FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS is to extinguish the fire, control the fire and provide protection to prevent the domino effect of fire. The above system includes some exterminator type active actives. In addition, there is also fire protection that is passive. This type of protection can be an effective alternative method if the active protection system on the vessel fails. It is often used if the amount of water or other active protection media is inadequate, such as in remote locations or in areas where water has difficulty. Well, then what’s included passive fire protection? Fire walls are another method of passive fire protection used to prevent the spread of fire and exposure to equipment adjacent to thermal radiation.
General Principles of Active and Passive Fire Protection
The operator must be able to demonstrate its ability to decide the most effective plan for handling and protecting the industry from fire. These are some of the factors considered in determining whether active and passive fire protection measures are required:
- The hazards of substances caused after a fire
- toxicity / toxic substances and fumes produced;
- inventory size;
- Fire frequency hazard
- distance to other hazardous installations;
- access available against fire;
- fire-fighting capability of the locality;
- The nearest fire fighting time;
- the resources available to firefighters.
Active fire extinguishing system must be reliable and in accordance with the system design. The design of the fire-fighting system must comply with predetermined standards such as BS 5306. The location or spacing of foam and water sources must be safe from harmful installations. Valves and other instruments especially cables are placed in a protected location because they must be able to withstand the effects of heat and fire. Water should always be provided on the active method.